What are the different frameworks in Java?

Java is a popular programming language that is widely used for developing web applications, desktop applications, and mobile applications. To simplify the development process and improve code efficiency, developers often use frameworks. A framework is a pre-built software library that provides a set of pre-written code and rules for developers to use in their projects. Here are some of the most commonly used frameworks in Java:

  1. Spring Framework: Spring is one of the most popular Java frameworks for building web applications. It provides a comprehensive programming and configuration model for modern Java-based enterprise applications.
  2. Hibernate Framework: Hibernate is a Java-based Object Relational Mapping (ORM) framework that provides a framework for mapping an object-oriented domain model to a relational database.
  3. Struts Framework: Struts is an open-source framework used to build web applications based on the Model-View-Controller (MVC) design pattern.
  4. Play Framework: Play is a lightweight and high-performance Java web framework that uses the Model-View-Controller (MVC) architectural pattern.
  5. Apache Wicket Framework: Apache Wicket is a component-based web application framework that allows developers to build complex web applications using reusable components.
  6. Vaadin Framework: Vaadin is a server-side Java web application framework that allows developers to build web applications using a user interface API and a set of pre-built UI components.
  7. Grails Framework: Grails is a high-productivity web framework that is built on top of the Groovy programming language and uses the Model-View-Controller (MVC) architectural pattern.
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