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Control flow statements are statements in Java that allow a program to change the order in which statements are executed based on certain conditions. In other words, control flow statements are used to control the flow of execution of a program.
There are three main types of control flow statements in Java:
- Conditional statements (if-else statements): These statements allow a program to execute certain codes only if a particular condition is true. If the condition is false, the program can choose to execute a different block of code.
- Looping statements (for, while, and do-while loops): These statements allow a program to repeat a block of code multiple times based on certain conditions.
- Branching statements (break, continue, and return statements): These statements allow a program to break out of a loop, skip an iteration of a loop, or exit a method.
Using control flow statements, a Java program can respond to different situations, make decisions, and repeat actions as needed, allowing for a more complex and sophisticated program. We are going to see details on each of the above-mentioned control flow statement types in the following notes. Let’s give it a go together…